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Clinical causes of restrictive syndrome

Intrinsic causes
for example
Extrinsic causes
for example
Neuromuscular disease
for example
  • interstitial fibrosis
  • heart failure and lung edema
  • pneumonia
  • tuberculosis
  • pulmonary fibrosis due to radiation or chemotherapy
  • pneumothorax
  • kyphoscoliosis
  • extreme obesity
  • pregnancy
  • space occupying lesion in abdomen
  • pain
  • paralysis of one or both diaphragmatic domes
  • muscular dystrophy
  • poliomyelitis
  • muscle weakness, e.g. due to malnutrition

See also:
Restrictive lung disease
Clinical causes of a restrictive syndrome
Confirming a restrictive disorder
Global causes of a small VC
Restrictive ventilatory defects in pediatrics

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